Language is the principal vehicle for humanity’s internal and external reasoning and communication. Even though we’ve developed thousands of languages through the course of our evolution, it remains the main tool to make sense of the world around us, to pass on knowledge to future generations and, most importantly, to connect with others. We come to this world programmed to learn at least one language, and this shapes the culture, values and belief system we apply, throughout all of our lives, to ourselves and our surroundings.
“I think, therefore I am” by French philosopher, mathematician and scientist René Descartes is possibly one of the historically best known philosophical statements, and although it’s probably over-debated and over-used, it succinctly sums up how our ability to formulate ideas through language ultimately defines us. No personality, discovery, country or institution ever came to be without a solid idea. When an idea takes hold and spreads among a group of people, incredible things happen.
In 1839, English author Edward Bulwer-Lytton coined the adage “The pen is mightier than the sword.” At first thought, it is absolutely absurd because a pen weighs nothing and a sword is sharp and heavy. A pen spreads ink on a willing piece of paper, and a sword cuts through the most unwilling shields and bodies. A pen is small and compact; a sword is huge and bulky. In a world of rock, paper and scissor, how can a pen beat a sword? The answer will depend on who is holding the pen.
Words have very special powers. They are capable of doing and undoing, creating and destroying. They are flowers and they are weapons. They have the power to bend, break and alter the course of history. Every war ever fought was a result of exchange of words. A contender with a curated arsenal of words may be as well or better armed than its opponent with physical weapons. And now in the 21st century, words can travel as fast, or faster, than the fastest bullet and spread more than gunpowder.
There is also an old saying that goes something like this: “Sticks and stones may break my bones, but words will never harm me”. In other words, they do not have the power to destroy me. Yes, they can sting, they can hurt, but I have full control over how I react (or not) to what other people say about me or about what I believe in. If this is true, we seem to quickly forget it when we get upset, particularly when it seems to threaten who we are and what we believe in. We are social animals, and it’s only natural to put our defenses up when something, or somebody, threatens this set of ideas we’ve identified with and assimilated as our universal truth.
On the other hand, it has also been said that words come and go with the wind. You may passionately remember a quarrel, a heated dispute or misunderstanding; that intense feeling of indignation, embarrassment or excitement. But emotions tend to overpower short-term memory, making it very hard for your long-term memory to accurately recall what was said and done.
However, if words were really trivial, why are there so many perennial writers, whose words have transcended decades and centuries and are still disputed, quoted, cherished and celebrated? Names like Aristotle, Socrates, Galileo, Marcus Aurelius, Cicero, Shakespeare; what’s in a name, anyway? It’s been said that an image is worth a thousand words. Over half of the words in the Oxford English Dictionary are nouns. Giving names to things has been our natural and instinctive way of categorizing and understanding our daily stimuli. You can say very little with a lot of words, and you can also say a lot with very little.
The human psyche manifests itself every day through our basic need and desire to express ourselves. From it, thoughts become ideas that materialize through words that later could (or could not) become actions, and it obviously makes all the difference in the world. We are responsible for creating and choosing the systems, rules, regulations and restrictions that govern our daily lives. We might think we’re too small and insignificant in the bigger scheme of things, but we’re actually the living cells that determine and mold that scheme.